2019, 10-р сар 21, Даваа гариг Шилэн данс

World Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019

2019 оны 10-р сар 01, Мягмар гариг

The IMD World Digital Competitiveness Ranking (WDCR) presents the 2019 overall rankings for the 63 economies covered by the World Competitiveness Yearbook 2019 (WCY). The rankings are calculated on the basis of the 51 ranking criteria (31 Hard and 20 Survey data). To evaluate an economy, WDCR examines three factors: knowledge, which measures the capacity to understand and learn the new technologies; technology, which evaluates the competence of an economy to develop new digital innovations; and future-readiness, which assesses the preparedness for the coming developments. This year, two new variables are introduced in the calculation of the WDCR, both related to robotics. In the context of the WDCR, we are incorporating two series: “industrial robot” that measures the total number of robots in operation and specifically “robots in education and R&D” worldwide. WDCR assesses an economy’s aptitude to adapt and explore digital technologies that transform business models, government practices and society in general.

The United States held on to the number one spot in IMD World Digital Competitiveness ranking (WDCR) in 2019, with all top five economies in the index unchanged USA, Singapore, Sweden, Denmark, and Switzerland. In the Top 10, the Netherlands, Hong Kong SAR and the Republic of Korea moved up to 6th, while Norway dropped to 9th and Canada fell from 8th to 11th. Several Asian economies advanced significantly in the ranking compared to 2018. Hong Kong SAR and the Republic of Korea entered the top ten while Taiwan and China moved up to 13th and 22nd respectively. All these countries experienced marked progress in their technological infrastructure and the agility of their businesses.

Mongolian Digital Competitiveness Ranking 2019

Mongolia ranks 62th (out of 63 countries) in the overall digital ranking, a fall of 1 place from the previous year. But improves scored in compared to last year.


Digital Competitiveness Factors


Mongolia ranked the highest in the future readiness factor (61st). However, all three digital competitiveness factors rankings have decreased by order.

Digital Sub-factor Rankings

Mongolian highest ranking at the sub-factor level is in adaptive attitudes. But, the business agility, regulatory framework, and IT integration sub-factors experienced a decline.

Wireless broadband, high-tech exports, smartphone possession subfactor improved from digital sub-factor rankings with respect to the previous year. Also, In the technology factor, it ranked 3rd investment in telecommunications sub-factor the same as the previous year. In contrast, women with degrees, total public expenditure on education, female researchers, R&D productivity by publication and starting a business sub-factors decreased from digital sub-factor rankings. In addition, Mongolian digital competitiveness ranking decline was mainly the result of a drop in the business agility in terms of the process of knowledge transfer (63rd) and IT integration in terms of the process of cybersecurity (63rd).

Mongolian strengths and weaknesses

Knowledge

Rank

Knowledge

Rank

1.2.1

Employee training

24

1.1.4

Management of cities

62

1.2.6

Women with degrees

24

1.3.4

R&D productivity by publication

62

1.3.3

Female researchers

24

1.1.2

International experience

61

1.2.2

Total public expenditure on education

34

1.3.1

Total expenditure on R&D (%)

60




1.1.5

Digital/Technological skills

57

Technology

Rank

Technology

Rank

2.2.6

Investment in Telecommunications

3

2.1.5

Scientific research legislation

62

2.3.6

High-tech exports (%)

15

2.1.6

Intellectual property rights

62

2.1.1

Starting a business

41

2.2.2

Funding for technological development

62

2.1.2

Enforcing contracts

44

2.3.4

Internet users

62

2.3.3

Wireless broadband

45

2.1.4

Development and application of technology

61




2.2.3

Banking and financial services

60

Future-readiness

Rank

Future-readiness

Rank

3.1.4

Smartphone possession

6

3.2.5

Knowledge transfer

63

3.1.1

E-Participation

48

3.3.3

Cybersecurity

63




3.3.2

Public-private partnerships

62




3.2.1

Opportunities and threats

61




3.2.3

Agility of companies

61




3.2.4

Use of big data and analytics 

57




3.3.1

E-Government

57




3.1.5

Attitudes toward globalization

56





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